Emergence and consolidation of a norm to define forests : the HCS methodology [Research paper] by Emmanuelle Rica


The author was part of the Alternative Management third year specialization program in HEC, in 2014. She is today Master's student at the London School of Economic and Political Science, in environment and development.

Palm oil today amounts for 30% of vegetal oil in the world; it is used in the production of a wide range of goods and no substitute has been found. It grows in tropical climates, with serious environmental consequences, in terms of deforestation, global warming etc. These last ten years, several NGOs have vividly criticized multinational corporations, whose suppliers resort to palm oil under non sustainable conditions. Three NGOs have launched the HCS methodology, in order to differentiate forests where it is possible to grow palm trees from those that have to be preserved. Because of the constraining dimension of this methodology, corporations have launched their own, more flexible initiatives. This research project aims at understanding, with a qualitative methodology, made of document analysis tracing negotiations around a definition of forests, actors’ legitimation discourses and how, in fine, a given definition of forest emerge and is consolidated

Quote article  Emmanuelle Rica , « Emergence and consolidation of a norm to define forests : the HCS methodology », 13 april 2015, Alternative Management Observatory (AMO), [Research paper]

In the same section

The future of ski resorts in 2040 for the French National Association of Mountain City Halls


[Scenario] : Alexis Gauvin, Anne Hurand, Capucine Roussel, Hélène Doutriaux, Stefania Avanzini

This article tries to imagine the future of the French ski resorts in 2040, by using the method of Scenario Planning. What will be the snow coverage in the French mountains in 2040? What social, economic and political consequences will it cause for mountain cities? Will skiing remain a fashionable...

>>Read more

Different ways of fighting excess food Food rescue, dumpster-diving and freeganism: market vs. dumpsters

[Research paper]

[Research paper] : Marie Mourad

There are different ways of fighting the great amount of excess food produced and often wasted by our consumer society. In New York, the non-profit City Harvest adopts a strategy of “food rescue”, redistributing excess food to “NYC’s hungry”. Some people wish to go further in denunciating...

>>Read more

UpCycle: from waste to resource, from cradle to cradle


[Proceedings] : Cédric Péchard

Cédric Péchard, agricultural engineer, has founded UpCycle: an initiative that aims at valuing waste (coffee grounds) to produce mushrooms. UpCycle thus creates social links and economic value, through processes inspired by nature

>>Read more

Agroecology, an escape route out of food insecurity? Research initiatives in Bolivia in the region of inter-Andean valleys (Cochabamba)

[Research paper]

[Research paper] : Cécile Raguet

Bolivia is the poorest country in South America. As such, it is often described as a region subject to food insecurity. What does exactly this concept mean and how is it expressed in Bolivia? Agroecology is an issue increasingly invoked in Bolivia to respond to this situation by actors different...

>>Read more

The Livelihoods Venture


[Initiative] : Juliette Carcano

At a time when carbon market is strongly criticized, the Livelihoods Fund is an original initiative – created in 2011 by Danone and three other companies, that uses carbon offsetting mechanisms as a powerful and innovative tool to create sustainable economic, social and environmental value...

>>Read more

With the same doctype

Research paper

Private Equity: Factor of economic... What is Private Equity (PE)? What are... by Gaëtan Irrmann
Skills-based sponsorship, a tool in the... Corporate Volonteerism is an innovative... by Céline Peudenier
Heeled-shoes in consulting firms:... This research focuses on the conscious... by Lauriane Delhay
Complementary currencies: study of the... Complementary currencies, exchange... by Olivier Torrente
Protecting the public interest in a... Technology is overwhelming. It’s... by Nicolas Trimoulet
Stakeholder relations and development... The research paper seeks to answer the... by Csilla Nárai
The role of assisted resilience in the... In deprived suburbs, due to the... by Juliette Simon
Conditions for the sustainability of... A cultural brownfield can be defined as... by Marianne Rauche
What is the link between Degrowth and... In our society, work is preached like... by Claire-Isabelle Roquebert
How do consumers perceive cause-related... Companies increasingly rely on joint... by Juliette Bertrand