FabLabs, Makerspaces: New Forms of Innovation or Libertarian Activism?[Research paper] by François Bottollier-Depois


The author was part of the "Alternative Management" third year program in HEC in 2012. He also graduated from the Strasbourg Institute of Political Studies, in France, and taught during four years as a Professeur "agrégé" of economics and social sciences.

Created more than ten years ago by the United States MIT, FabLabs are only at their beginning in France. This essay is based on qualitative interviews with several French makerspaces users. These places of innovation allow their members to create almost anything, using digital tools. But they are more than a workshop. These makerspaces are also places of counter-culture socialization. Open in theory to everyone, they allow people to exchange knowledge and skills, without any hierarchy or centralization, but still linked to the makerspace community. Supporters of free or open-source, they work for equal and free access to information. But their activism is done in silence, they do more than they criticize. Their counter model and counter culture show by themselves social and economic criticism.

Quote article  François Bottollier-Depois, « FabLabs, Makerspaces: New Forms of Innovation or Libertarian Activism? », 31 october 2012, Alternative Management Observatory (AMO), [Research paper]

In the same section

Perceptions of homeless persons and social action in France and in Australia

[Research paper]

[Research paper] : Alix Peillon

The person “on the street” has always been a part of the urban landscape. Yet, these persons who are excluded from our social and economic system disturb us: not only do they cause a nuisance, they inspire a strong sentiment of incomprehension within the honest citizen: “How did they get...

>>Read more

What's the economic impact of the sustainable development policy implemented in Loos en Gohelle?


[Essay] : Victor Cabanes, Hélène Doutriaux, Anne Hurand

This research paper presents the collected results from an inquiry led in the city of Loos en Gohelle, Northern France, in which some 7 000 people live. An ambitious sustainable development policy has been implemented there. Keen to innovate, the city has already shown great advance in this area....

>>Read more

Terre de Liens


[Initiative] : Pierre-Louis Choquet

Terre de Liens is a French association that was created in 2003; its aim is to facilitate the estate access to farmers in order to enable them to develop virtuous environmental farming practices.

>>Read more



[Essay] : Aurélie Gillon

Auroville was founded in 1968 by “The Mother”, Sri Aurobindo’s spiritual companion. This international city is the experience of a utopia that aims at the improvement of humanity, respecting the environment and brotherhood. With both wanderings and achievements, the project still grops its...

>>Read more

Creating an ethic and organic fashion firm after HEC - by Rachel Liu


[Proceedings] : Rachel Liu

After graduating at HEC, Rachel Liu started a firm in an innovating field: “responsible” clothes, putting together fashion, ecology and ethic.

>>Read more

With the same doctype

Research paper

The Debate on the “Triple Bottom... The aim of our work was to carry out a... by Thibault Asselot
Williamsburg, history of a musical... Since the end of the 1980s, the... by Elena Schmitt
“Provoking (the right) titles” - by... The co-director at Max Milo editions as... by Luis de Miranda
French higher education towards equal... Whereas social inequalities of access... by Nicolas Charles
Why don't we all buy organic products? Though health and the protection of the... by Peggy Nicod et Emilie Condemine
Education and rural development in... After more than a half-century of a... by Pierre Louis Choquet
Arbalange, an end to the single use of... Arbalange sells « textile » diapers... by Audrey Boulkaid
Eco districts : an anlysis of brakes... Eco districts are a new way of... by Clémence Chouvet
Stakeholder relations and development... The research paper seeks to answer the... by Csilla Nárai
Is integration business a strategy... The purpose of this dissertation is to... by Nathalie Rusé