From hell to heaven: the imaginary of work from yesterday to nowadays. The case of highly qualified young managers[Research paper] by F. Garcias


The author graduated from HEC Paris in 2009.

This thesis raises the question of the "imaginary of work", that is to say, the sense and value that we subjectively associate to this notion. A historical overview of different philosophical discourse delivered on the subject since antiquity allows initially us to affirm the historicity of the very idea of work, and even more of the contemporary judgments brought on its "reality". Main eras of Western history seem to have given birth to three types of relation to work: in antiquity, it was a Hell, in the medieval and Christian world, a purgatory, and for moderns, a paradise. We postulate that this triple heritage explains some axiological confusion nowadays surrounding the labor issue. But a number of reasons lead us to hypothesize that the most advanced forms of contemporary capitalism call for the development of a new "work ethic", approaching the ideal of "work as paradise". Is looking for this new ethos, to use the terminology of Max Weber, that we leave in the empirical part of this thesis, which attempts to answer the following question: do executives live their work as a purgatory, that is to say, as a mainly negative mediation leading to a mainly positive horizon? Or as a paradise, an immediate promise of happiness?

Quote article  F. Garcias, « From hell to heaven: the imaginary of work from yesterday to nowadays. The case of highly qualified young managers », 19 december 2009, Alternative Management Observatory (AMO), [Research paper]

In the same section

The pleasures and sorrows of work - by Alain de Botton

[Reading report]

[Reading report] : Nicolas Trimoulet

We are all supposed to love our jobs. It would give us a sense of control over our lives as well as an identity to others. It would not be a punishment anymore. Alain de Botton, throughout the visit of ten workplaces over the world (from a biscuit plant in Belgium to the Bourget fair through a...

>>Read more

Aboriginal entrepreneurship in Quebec: the place and role of traditional knowledge in contemporary economic models

[Research paper]

[Research paper] : Garance Rey

In Quebec, aboriginal people constitute a particular minority. Being First Nations, Inuits or Metis, they are often marginalized from mainstream economic processes distant from their traditional culture and knowledge base. Nevertheless, one can observe a rising number of aboriginal ...

>>Read more

What is the link between Degrowth and Work?

[Research paper]

[Research paper] : Claire-Isabelle Roquebert

In our society, work is preached like an essential value that cannot be ignored. The search of full employment is one of the main objectives of economic policies. Work, defined as the human action on nature in order to provide for human needs, is regarded as an essential condition to humanity...

>>Read more

Things – A story from the sixties, by Georges Perec

[Reading report]

[Reading report] : Pauline Séguy

Although it is not a novel, this book tells us a story. The story of a young couple, Jerôme and Sylvie, who seems haunted by their material aspirations. 1965 represents the beginning of Georges Perec's career as a writer: when he receives the Renaudot Price in 1965 for « Things », he still is...

>>Read more

Charity in truth

[Reading report]

[Reading report] : Marie de Raismes

Through Caritas In Veritate, Benedict XVI builds his thought around the  idea of «development» : he seeks to show that true development is necessarily  human and complete, and from this, he redefines its present stakes, tackling both the themes of the economy and the company as well as...

>>Read more

With the same doctype

Research paper

Private Equity: Factor of economic... What is Private Equity (PE)? What are... by Gaëtan Irrmann
Industry and Cooperation - by Jacques... After having introduced the Acome group... by Jacques de Heere
Networks of Social Entrepreneurs India This paper aims at deciphering and... by Alban Leveau-Vallier
Is car sharing a viable alternative to... The rise of new practices allowing to... by Laure Jaffré
Aboriginal entrepreneurship in Quebec:... In Quebec, aboriginal people... by Garance Rey
Is the motivation at work of young... The nature of executives' work has... by Sébastien Stenger.
Is French alternative agriculture... French agriculture is as criticized as... by Laure Cassaigne
Education and rural development in... After more than a half-century of a... by Pierre Louis Choquet
Why don't we all buy organic products? Though health and the protection of the... by Peggy Nicod et Emilie Condemine
"Degrowth": genealogy and circulation... In this paper, we intend to analyze the... by Michaël Bruckert