From hell to heaven: the imaginary of work from yesterday to nowadays. The case of highly qualified young managers[Research paper] by F. Garcias


The author graduated from HEC Paris in 2009.

This thesis raises the question of the "imaginary of work", that is to say, the sense and value that we subjectively associate to this notion. A historical overview of different philosophical discourse delivered on the subject since antiquity allows initially us to affirm the historicity of the very idea of work, and even more of the contemporary judgments brought on its "reality". Main eras of Western history seem to have given birth to three types of relation to work: in antiquity, it was a Hell, in the medieval and Christian world, a purgatory, and for moderns, a paradise. We postulate that this triple heritage explains some axiological confusion nowadays surrounding the labor issue. But a number of reasons lead us to hypothesize that the most advanced forms of contemporary capitalism call for the development of a new "work ethic", approaching the ideal of "work as paradise". Is looking for this new ethos, to use the terminology of Max Weber, that we leave in the empirical part of this thesis, which attempts to answer the following question: do executives live their work as a purgatory, that is to say, as a mainly negative mediation leading to a mainly positive horizon? Or as a paradise, an immediate promise of happiness?

Quote article  F. Garcias, « From hell to heaven: the imaginary of work from yesterday to nowadays. The case of highly qualified young managers », 19 december 2009, Alternative Management Observatory (AMO), [Research paper]

In the same section

What is the link between Degrowth and Work?

[Research paper]

[Research paper] : Claire-Isabelle Roquebert

In our society, work is preached like an essential value that cannot be ignored. The search of full employment is one of the main objectives of economic policies. Work, defined as the human action on nature in order to provide for human needs, is regarded as an essential condition to humanity...

>>Read more

Work and qualified workers in France in 2050


[Scenario] : Sylvia Marie d'Albertas, Sarah de Barthès de Montfort, Guillaume Angué, Fabien Azoulay, Ronan de Pins

These four scenarios are archetypical worlds which are associated with different work and values of work. They are always consistent, logical and enlightening if we look for a sharper analysis of the current work market and modern capitalism. The scenarios play with the three main dimension of work...

>>Read more

The working condition - by Simone Weil

[Reading report]

[Reading report] : Pierre Lacaze

Simone Weil had the personal will to know the Labor condition from inside. She spent one year working in industry as a laborer in order to actually experience the Labor condition. She wrote everything down: the physical harshness of the work, the moral impact of working cadence, the unfair balance...

>>Read more

Culture and knowledge: converging “sciences”, trends and issues


[Essay] : Guillaume Narbonne

For four centuries, the Cartesian model of scientific method has been prominent. Although it was the reason for some notable progress, it is now reaching its limits, as science is faced with conundrums and contradictions in several fields and as the current state of scientific progress proposes few...

>>Read more

French foundations and their use of social impact measurement

[Research paper]

[Research paper] : Juliette Jaume

Social impact measurement is a subject that is more and more heard of, it is an instrument that is being used by many organizations – in the Anglo-Saxon world especially – to justify the relevance of their social activities and to legitimize their funding. French foundations, that are quite...

>>Read more

With the same doctype

Research paper

French higher education towards equal... Whereas social inequalities of access... by Nicolas Charles
Aboriginal entrepreneurship in Quebec:... In Quebec, aboriginal people... by Garance Rey
Conditions for the sustainability of... A cultural brownfield can be defined as... by Marianne Rauche
Independent publishers and the social... An efflorescence of small and... by Fleur d'Harcourt
The Ignorant Schoolmaster – Five... Through the biography of Joseph... by Marine Bikard
The “Terre de Liens” property... The Foncière Terre de Liens property... by Laura Loffler
The shaping of economics by accounting... This article is meant to step back from... by Eve Chiapello
Adam Smith, l’économiste malgré lui : This master thesis is focusing on the... by François-Xavier Faucounau
From hell to heaven: the imaginary of... This thesis raises the question of the... by F. Garcias
Access to Health Care for African... Facing a new phenomenon of African... by Nastassja Kern