Innovation Support and Public Policy: the Case of the French Medical Biotechnology Industry[Research paper] by Guillaume Narbonne


HEC Alumnus, Class of 2009, Alternative Management program. Interested in sustainable development, knowledge economy issues, technological and social innovation.

Throughout the years, industrial policy in general and innovation support in particular has been accepted as being partly under the aegis of public authorities. It is commonly accepted that innovation plays a key role in fostering growth, and must thus be nurtured and supported. In France, many programmes and policies have been implemented over time to promote innovative activities, from basic research to commercialization. In this paper, we study more closely the situation of the medical biotechnology industry. In this sector, French startups do not manage to grow as fast as their American counterparts and lack competitiveness on the global scale. We review the various programmes that have been implemented to promote innovation at the regional, national and European levels, in order to understand their interactions, their complementarities and their difficulties. We also carry out a benchmark with the Canadian, Norwegian and most of all German innovation support systems and we propose alternative views and ways regarding innovation promotion and the way it is evaluated in France. We support a systemic and practical approach to the French innovation support scheme.

Quote article  Guillaume Narbonne, « Innovation Support and Public Policy: the Case of the French Medical Biotechnology Industry », 19 december 2009, Alternative Management Observatory (AMO), [Research paper]

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